Title Brands

Title brands indicate whether a used vehicle has sustained damage or might be potentially unsafe to drive. If a vehicle's title has been "branded," it is an official designation made by a state agency and should appear on the vehicle's title paperwork.

A Vermont title may have no more than 9 total brands. All brands existing on any non-Vermont title will be carried forward, using brand(s) from the list below.

Odometer readings are no longer marked "A" or "B." If an odometer has rolled over the title will be branded using #72; if the odometer is broken or otherwise incorrect the title will be branded using #69, 70, 73, 74, 76 or other as appropriate.

Vermont Title Brands
Brand Label Description
01 Flood Damage Vehicle damaged by freshwater flood (or it is unknown whether the damage was caused by fresh water or salt water).
1a Abandoned  
1b Off Road  
1c More than 2 Liens  
1d Duplicate  
02 Fire Damage Vehicle damaged by fire.
03 Hail Damage Vehicle damaged by hail.
04 Salt Water Damage Vehicle damaged by saltwater flood.
05 Vandalism Vehicle damaged by vandals.
06 Kit A Vehicle that has been built by combining a chassis with a different (non-matching VIN) frame, engine, and body parts. The VIN on the chassis is used as the vehicle's VIN. Does not include "Glider."
07 Dismantled (Parts Only) The vehicle can only be sold as parts and cannot be legally driven.
08 Junk The vehicle is incapable of safe operation for use on the roads or highways and has no resale value except as a source of parts or scrap, or the vehicle's owner has irreversibly designated the vehicle as a source of parts or scrap. This vehicle shall never be titled or registered. Also known as non-repairable, scrapped, or destroyed.
09 Rebuilt The vehicle, previously branded "salvage", has passed anti-theft and safety inspections, or other jurisdiction procedures, to ensure the vehicle was rebuilt to required standards. Also known as prior salvage (salvaged).
10 Reconstructed A vehicle that has been permanently altered from original construction by removing, adding, or substituting major components.
11 Salvage Any vehicle which has been wrecked, destroyed or damaged, to the extent that the total estimated or actual cost of parts and labor to rebuild or reconstruct the vehicle to its pre-accident condition and for legal operation on roads or highways exceeds a jurisdiction-defined percentage of the retail value of the vehicle. The retail value of the vehicle is determined by a current edition of a nationally recognized compilation (to include automated data bases) of retail values. --- Salvage--Damage or Not Specified also includes any vehicle to which an insurance company acquires ownership pursuant to a damage settlement, or any vehicle that the vehicle's owner may wish to designate as a salvage vehicle by obtaining a salvage title, without regard to extent of the vehicle's damage and repairs, or any vehicle for which the jurisdiction cannot distinguish the reason the vehicle was designated salvage.
12 Test Vehicle The vehicle is built and retained by the manufacturer for testing.
13 Refurbished Any vehicle modified by the installation of a new cab and chassis for the existing coach which has been renovated, resulting in a vehicle of greater value or a vehicle with a new style. Includes “Glider”.
14 Collision Vehicle damaged by collision.
16 Salvage Retention The vehicle is branded salvage and is kept by the owner.
17 Prior Taxi Vehicle previously registered as a taxi.
18 Prior Police Vehicle previously registered as a police vehicle.
19 Original Taxi Vehicle is currently registered as a taxi.
20 Original Police Vehicle is currently registered as a police vehicle.
21 Remanufactured Vehicle was reconstructed by the manufacturer.
22 Gray Market Vehicle was manufactured for use outside of the United States and has been brought into the United States. Brand '22' has been replaced by brands '45' and '46', as of 6/25/01.
23 Warranty Return Vehicle returned to the manufacturer because of a breach in the warranty.
24 Antique The vehicle is over 50 years old.
25 Classic The vehicle is over 20 years old and adheres to other jurisdiction-specific criteria, e.g., vehicle make, condition, etc.
26 Agricultural Vehicle The vehicle will primarily be operated on private roads for agricultural purposes.
27 Logging Vehicle The vehicle will primarily be operated on private roads for logging purposes.
28 Street Rod The vehicle has been modified to not conform with the manufacturer's specifications, and the modifications adhere to jurisdiction-specific criteria.
29 Reissued VIN The chassis VIN has been reissued, i.e. the same VIN is reused.
30 Replica A vehicle with a body built to resemble and be a reproduction of another vehicle of a given year and given manufacturer.
31 Totaled A vehicle that is declared a total loss by a jurisdiction or an insurer that is obligated to cover the loss or that the insurer takes possession of or title to. This is used when an insurance company totals a vehicle, but the jurisdiction doesn’t salvage it.
32 Owner Retained A vehicle that has been declared by the insurance company to be a total loss but the owner maintains possession and ownership of the vehicle.
33 Bond Posted The insurance company has issued a bond on the vehicle because the ownership of the vehicle cannot be proven; this allows the vehicle to be sold and titled.
34 Memo Copy The title document is a facsimile title and not the active (original or duplicate) title document.
36 Recovered Theft The vehicle was previously titled as salvage due to theft. The Vehicle has been repaired and inspected (or complied with other jurisdiction procedures) and may be legally driven.
37 Undisclosed Lien The vehicle has entered the titling jurisdiction from a jurisdiction that does not disclose lien-holder information on the title. The titling jurisdiction may issue a new title without this brand if no notice of a security interest in the vehicle is received, within a jurisdiction defined timeframe. Note: This brand is not valid after January 17, 2003.
38 Prior Owner Retained A vehicle that was previously branded owner retained and was sold. The new owner's title contains this brand.
39 Non-Conform Uncorrect A non-safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer remains uncorrected.
40 Non-Conform Correct A non-safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer has been corrected.
41 Safety Defect Uncorrect A safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer remains uncorrected.
42 Vehicle Safety Defect Corrected - A safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer has been corrected.
43 State Assigned VIN A title should not be issued for the VIN. This brand can be issued for rebuilt vehicles.
45 Gray Market Non-Compliance Vehicle was manufactured for use outside the United States and has been brought into the United States. The vehicle is not in compliance with applicable federal standards.
46 Gray Market Vehicle was manufactured for use outside the United States and has been brought into the United States. The vehicle is in compliance with applicable federal standards.
47 Manufacturer Buy Back A vehicle that has been bought back by the manufacturer under jurisdiction defined regulations or laws, such as lemon laws. For example, the manufacturer could be obligated to buy back the vehicle when a specified number of repair attempts fail to correct a major problem on a new vehicle, or if a new vehicle has been out of service for repair for the same problem for a cumulative period of 30 days or more.
48 Former Rental  
49 Salvage - Stolen Any vehicle the reporting jurisdiction considers salvage because an insurance company has acquired ownership pursuant to a settlement based on the theft of the vehicle.
50 Salvage - Other Any vehicle the reporting jurisdiction considers salvage based on criteria, such as abandonment, not covered by the "Salvage - Damage" or "Not Specified" and "Salvage - Stolen" brands. Note: Percent of damage is not reported with brand code 50.
51 Disclosed Damage The vehicle has sustained damage to the extent that the damage is required to be disclosed under the jurisdiction's damage disclosure law.
52 Non-Repairable/Repaired A vehicle constructed by repairing a vehicle that has been destroyed or declared to be non-repairable or otherwise declared to not be eligible for titling because of the extent of damage to the vehicle but has been issued a title pursuant to state law after falling within this criterion with this brand on the face of the certificate of title.
53 Crushed The frame or chassis of the vehicle has been crushed or otherwise destroyed so that it is physically impossible to use it in constructing a vehicle.
68 Actual The true mileage for the vehicle. The odometer has not been tampered with, reached its mechanical limits, or been altered. Do not use, unless title is from another jurisdiction AND already has this brand.
69 Not Actual The odometer reading is known to be other than the true mileage for the vehicle.
70 Not Actual - Tampered The odometer reading is known to be other that the true mileage for the vehicle, due to tampering.
71 Exempt Odometer The vehicle falls within criteria that allow it to change ownership without disclosure of the odometer reading.
72 Exceed Mechanical Limits The odometer reading is less than the true mileage of the vehicle because the odometer cannot display the total number of true miles.
73 Odometer May Be Altered The titling authority has reason to believe that the odometer reading does not reflect the true mileage of the vehicle because of an alteration to the odometer.
74 Odometer Replaced The odometer in the vehicle is not the odometer put in the vehicle when manufactured.
75 Reading at Renewal The odometer reading was recorded when the registration was renewed.
76 Odometer Discrepancy The titling authority has reason to believe that the odometer reading does not reflect the true mileage of the vehicle because of known previous recorded values of odometer for the vehicle.
77 Call Title Division The titling authority knows of some problem with the odometer reading that it cannot print on a title. Titling authority will discuss the problem (manual process) with authorized inquirers.
78 Rectify Previous EML Brand A state other than the brander corrected brand 72.
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Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles
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Montpelier, VT 05603-0001

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