Title brands indicate whether a used vehicle has sustained damage or might be potentially unsafe to drive. If a vehicle's title has been "branded," it is an official designation made by a state agency and should appear on the vehicle's title paperwork.
A Vermont title may have no more than 9 total brands. When a non-Vermont title is transferred to Vermont, all brands existing will be carried forward.
|Vehicle damaged by freshwater flood (or it is unknown whether the damage was caused by fresh water or salt water).
|More than 2 Liens
|Vehicle damaged by fire.
|Vehicle damaged by hail.
|Salt Water Damage
|Vehicle damaged by saltwater flood.
|Vehicle damaged by vandals.
|A Vehicle that has been built by combining a chassis with a different (non-matching VIN) frame, engine, and body parts. The VIN on the chassis is used as the vehicle's VIN. Does not include "Glider."
|Dismantled (Parts Only)
|The vehicle can only be sold as parts and cannot be legally driven.
|The vehicle is incapable of safe operation for use on the roads or highways and has no resale value except as a source of parts or scrap, or the vehicle's owner has irreversibly designated the vehicle as a source of parts or scrap. This vehicle shall never be titled or registered. Also known as non-repairable, scrapped, or destroyed.
|The vehicle, previously branded "salvage", has passed anti-theft and safety inspections, or other jurisdiction procedures, to ensure the vehicle was rebuilt to required standards. Also known as prior salvage (salvaged).
|A vehicle that has been permanently altered from original construction by removing, adding, or substituting major components.
|Any vehicle which has been wrecked, destroyed or damaged, to the extent that the total estimated or actual cost of parts and labor to rebuild or reconstruct the vehicle to its pre-accident condition and for legal operation on roads or highways exceeds a jurisdiction-defined percentage of the retail value of the vehicle. The retail value of the vehicle is determined by a current edition of a nationally recognized compilation (to include automated data bases) of retail values. --- Salvage--Damage or Not Specified also includes any vehicle to which an insurance company acquires ownership pursuant to a damage settlement, or any vehicle that the vehicle's owner may wish to designate as a salvage vehicle by obtaining a salvage title, without regard to extent of the vehicle's damage and repairs, or any vehicle for which the jurisdiction cannot distinguish the reason the vehicle was designated salvage.
|The vehicle is built and retained by the manufacturer for testing.
|Any vehicle modified by the installation of a new cab and chassis for the existing coach which has been renovated, resulting in a vehicle of greater value or a vehicle with a new style. Includes “Glider”.
|Vehicle damaged by collision.
|The vehicle is branded salvage and is kept by the owner.
|Vehicle previously registered as a taxi.
|Vehicle previously registered as a police vehicle.
|Vehicle is currently registered as a taxi.
|Vehicle is currently registered as a police vehicle.
|Vehicle was reconstructed by the manufacturer.
|Vehicle was manufactured for use outside of the United States and has been brought into the United States. Brand '22' has been replaced by brands '45' and '46', as of 6/25/01.
|Vehicle returned to the manufacturer because of a breach in the warranty.
|The vehicle is over 50 years old.
|The vehicle is over 20 years old and adheres to other jurisdiction-specific criteria, e.g., vehicle make, condition, etc.
|The vehicle will primarily be operated on private roads for agricultural purposes.
|The vehicle will primarily be operated on private roads for logging purposes.
|The vehicle has been modified to not conform with the manufacturer's specifications, and the modifications adhere to jurisdiction-specific criteria.
|The chassis VIN has been reissued, i.e. the same VIN is reused.
|A vehicle with a body built to resemble and be a reproduction of another vehicle of a given year and given manufacturer.
|A vehicle that is declared a total loss by a jurisdiction or an insurer that is obligated to cover the loss or that the insurer takes possession of or title to. This is used when an insurance company totals a vehicle, but the jurisdiction doesn’t salvage it.
|A vehicle that has been declared by the insurance company to be a total loss but the owner maintains possession and ownership of the vehicle.
|The insurance company has issued a bond on the vehicle because the ownership of the vehicle cannot be proven; this allows the vehicle to be sold and titled.
|The title document is a facsimile title and not the active (original or duplicate) title document.
|The vehicle was previously titled as salvage due to theft. The Vehicle has been repaired and inspected (or complied with other jurisdiction procedures) and may be legally driven.
|The vehicle has entered the titling jurisdiction from a jurisdiction that does not disclose lien-holder information on the title. The titling jurisdiction may issue a new title without this brand if no notice of a security interest in the vehicle is received, within a jurisdiction defined timeframe.
|Prior Owner Retained
|A vehicle that was previously branded owner retained and was sold. The new owner's title contains this brand.
|A non-safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer remains uncorrected.
|A non-safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer has been corrected.
|Safety Defect Uncorrect
|A safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer remains uncorrected.
|Vehicle Safety Defect
|Corrected - A safety defect reported to the jurisdiction by the vehicle manufacturer has been corrected.
|State Assigned VIN
|A title should not be issued for the VIN. This brand can be issued for rebuilt vehicles.
|Gray Market Non-Compliance
|Vehicle was manufactured for use outside the United States and has been brought into the United States. The vehicle is not in compliance with applicable federal standards.
|Vehicle was manufactured for use outside the United States and has been brought into the United States. The vehicle is in compliance with applicable federal standards.
|Manufacturer Buy Back
|A vehicle that has been bought back by the manufacturer under jurisdiction defined regulations or laws, such as lemon laws. For example, the manufacturer could be obligated to buy back the vehicle when a specified number of repair attempts fail to correct a major problem on a new vehicle, or if a new vehicle has been out of service for repair for the same problem for a cumulative period of 30 days or more.
|Salvage - Stolen
|Any vehicle the reporting jurisdiction considers salvage because an insurance company has acquired ownership pursuant to a settlement based on the theft of the vehicle.
|Salvage - Other
|Any vehicle the reporting jurisdiction considers salvage based on criteria, such as abandonment, not covered by the "Salvage - Damage" or "Not Specified" and "Salvage - Stolen" brands. Note: Percent of damage is not reported with brand code 50.
|The vehicle has sustained damage to the extent that the damage is required to be disclosed under the jurisdiction's damage disclosure law.
|A vehicle constructed by repairing a vehicle that has been destroyed or declared to be non-repairable or otherwise declared to not be eligible for titling because of the extent of damage to the vehicle but has been issued a title pursuant to state law after falling within this criterion with this brand on the face of the certificate of title.
|The frame or chassis of the vehicle has been crushed or otherwise destroyed so that it is physically impossible to use it in constructing a vehicle.
|The true mileage for the vehicle. The odometer has not been tampered with, reached its mechanical limits, or been altered. Do not use, unless title is from another jurisdiction AND already has this brand.
|The odometer reading is known to be other than the true mileage for the vehicle.
|Not Actual - Tampered
|The odometer reading is known to be other that the true mileage for the vehicle, due to tampering.
|The vehicle falls within criteria that allow it to change ownership without disclosure of the odometer reading.
|Exceed Mechanical Limits
|The odometer reading is less than the true mileage of the vehicle because the odometer cannot display the total number of true miles.
|Odometer May Be Altered
|The titling authority has reason to believe that the odometer reading does not reflect the true mileage of the vehicle because of an alteration to the odometer.
|The odometer in the vehicle is not the odometer put in the vehicle when manufactured.
|Reading at Renewal
|The odometer reading was recorded when the registration was renewed.
|The titling authority has reason to believe that the odometer reading does not reflect the true mileage of the vehicle because of known previous recorded values of odometer for the vehicle.
|Call Title Division
|The titling authority knows of some problem with the odometer reading that it cannot print on a title. Titling authority will discuss the problem (manual process) with authorized inquirers.
|Rectify Previous EML Brand
|A state other than the brander corrected brand 72.