In Vermont, it is illegal for a vehicle to be operated if it isn't covered by a minimum amount of liability insurance. The minimum amount of liability insurance required is set by Statute, 23 V.S.A. § 800.
Financial Responsibility Insurance
Anyone who violates this law (by operating or permitting operation of an uninsured vehicle) may be issued a (civil) traffic citation which would result in the required payment of a fine, the assessment of points against their driving privileges and/or license and the requirement that they file Financial Responsibility Insurance with the Vermont DMV.
Financial Responsibility Insurance is a type of liability insurance coverage on an individual (not on a specific vehicle). The person who has Financial Responsibility Insurance is covered to operate any vehicle (whether the vehicle is owned by this person or not).
The requirement of a filing of Financial Responsibility Insurance with the Vermont DMV may occur for a number of reasons. You may obtain specific statutory language pertaining to the reasons for this type of insurance requirement by going to the Vermont Legislature's web site and reading 23 V.S.A. §801.
Individuals who are required to file Financial Responsibility Insurance with the Vermont DMV must maintain this type of insurance (on file with the Department) for a minimum of three years. Any time there is a lapse in this type of insurance coverage (for example, if the policy expires and is not renewed, or, the insurance company cancels the policy) the individual is issued a suspension of his/her driving privileges/license. The driving privileges/license are not reinstated until valid coverage of Financial Responsibility Insurance is again on file with the DMV.
The Vermont DMV has very specific requirements regarding the filing of Financial Responsibility Insurance and will accept only certain documents (an SR-22 certificate from an insurance company, NOT from an insurance agent) that are completed in compliance with these requirements. You may obtain specific statutory language pertaining to these requirements by going to the Vermont Legislature's web site and reading 23 V.S.A. §804.